Philippines - Country Statistics
Land area*: 298,170 squared km
Population* (2017): 104,256,076
Population Growth* (2017): 1.57%
Visitors** (2017): 3,357,591
Marine area (EEZ): 2,263,816 squared km
Population density*** (2016): 351 persons/squared km land area
Urban population* (2017): 49.9%
GDP*** (2016): USD $ 304.889 billion
* CIA World Factbook
** Tourism Statistics, Philippines
*** World Bank
**** Sea Around Us
In 2017, a field guide to the sharks and rays of the Philippines was published by Moonyeen Nida R. Alava, Joe Pres A. Gaudiano, Jean Asuncion T. Utzurrum, Estelita Emily Capuli, Theresa R. Aquino, M-May Luchavez-Maypa and Mudjekeewis D. Santos.
This Field Guide provides a comprehensive account of Philippine's shark and ray diversity and is provided here for reference. The field guide is not a project or product of Shark Search Indo-Pacific.
The publication Pating saan ka' pararating is the 2020 conservation roadmap for sharks and rays in the Philippines. This document sets out a strategic vision for shark and ray conservation, detailing specific actions across several areas such as education, governance, and research, that need to be completed to improve conservation outcomes for the sharks and rays of the Philippines.
Page curator: Ms Sheila Villora
(James Cook University)
In-country partners and contributors
Information drawn from Pating Ka Ba, an identification guide to the sharks, batoids and chimaeras of the Philippines
NOTE! Large file - 24MB
OPEN ACCESS - free to download and distribute
Diversity of Philippines sharks and rays
Current number of shark species: 116
Current number of ray species: 87
Current number of chimaera species: 2
ABSTRACT of the Field Guide to Sharks and Rays in the Philippines
There is limited reporting on each of the shark species in the Philippines, particularly in terms of species-specific catch and effort, landing volume and trade data. There is also a serious lack of information on the biological parameters of shark and ray species, on the identification of most species, and on the capacity to manage the resource as a whole. These limitations on the knowledge of sharks and rays, and of fishing practices and impacts in many of the fishing grounds in the Philippines, hinders efforts to implement appropriate management measures on the ground. There is a need to improve the management of directed fisheries of sharks and its relatives, as well as certain multispecies fisheries in which they constitute as by-catch. Therefore, to improve knowledge about the state of shark and ray stocks, and to facilitate the collection of the necessary information, and to implement effective management, adequate resources and support systems are required. “Pating Ka Ba?" is an important first step by providing an identification guide to sharks, batoids, and chimaeras of the Philippines. This guide will be a useful reference to enhance the understanding of the species and the capacity to manage them in the Philippines.